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The modern world encourages environmentally-friendly equipment and actions of development. New materials have improved roadways efficiency in the construction field. To start with, Geopolymer Concrete is a nature-friendly concrete which forms after a reaction of aluminum and silicon that contain an acidic activator. Geopolymer concrete, once used, lasts longer than the standard concrete. It also requires less repair, which saves many resources on maintenance expenses. Unlike the standard concrete, geopolymer concrete does not produce carbon dioxide, nor does it require heat in its making (Fitzgerald, 2018). Evidence suggests that the standard concrete, which is also a traditional material in road construction, contributes to five to eight percent of the world’s greenhouse pollutants. The manufacture of Geopolymer concrete uses five times less carbon dioxide compared to manufacturing standard concrete.
Considering how broadly and regularly concrete is used as a building material, Geopolymer concrete plays a huge role in preserving the environment. Geopolymer concrete is also more resistant to corrosion and fire, thus ensuring safety and assurance to a more lasting road. The Geopolymer concrete can resist being pushed together and pulled apart. It has a considerable effect on the mixture’s performance and assures the finished road’s excellent quality. Once a road gets constructed with the Geopolymer concrete, it tends to be reliable since it maintains its full strength (Fitzgerald, 2018). Roads constructed using Geopolymer concrete last for hundreds of years, thus providing a more durable highway than using the standard concrete.
ProjectROSE, being an energy-saving road project, focuses on improving asphalt pavements to reduce rolling resistance. It establishes a downsized platform in validating skid and resistance models. Asphalt pavement is a common choice in driveways, roadways, airstrips, and more optimized applications, thus providing safety from rolling and skid. ProjectROSE also provides an instant and significant change of surface texture. The texture of a surface directly involves the skidding of a tire. Once the texture is inconvenient to the tire, the possibility of skidding is highly estimated. ProjectROSE works on a straightforward approach to change the surface texture, reducing the rolling resistance. ProjectROSE also plays a significant responsibility in simulating molecular models of bitumen. It features predicting the durability of a new asphalt pavement.
Snow and ice massively affect a road’s conditions, and it is not easy to control a vehicle, particularly when braking or turning. The risk of injuries and fatalities increase due to such roads. The snowless project has progressed as an ice-melting technology for roads, highways, and pavements, which melts ice and snow and offers current information about icy roads. The snowless project has sensors that monitor temperature changes on the surface and provide the system with an option to prevent ice and snow from forming (Merrifield, 2019). It also replaces harmful de-icing materials that damage roads. These harmful materials contain toxic chemicals that damage iron bridges. The Snowless project has been experimented within parking lots, pavements, and sports fields and has proven worthy.
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