CCOU 202 Final Examination Study Guide 100% Correct Answers

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Description Begin this exam only when you are prepared
to complete it. You are allowed to refer to
your notes and textbook at any time during
the assessment, but understand that you will
have just 1 hour and 30 minutes to choose
the correct answers to 50 multiple-choice and
true/false questions. The timer will continue if
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the exam, but your instructor will be alerted
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problems during the exam, please submit a
help ticket via the Services/Support menu
item.
This exam must be completed by 11:59 p.m.
(ET) on Monday.
Instructions Time limit of 1 hour and 30 minutes.
50 multiple-choice and true/false
questions.
Open-book/open-notes.
Do not click the BACK button because
this will lock you out of the exam.
The timer will continue if and
when you leave the exam.
Timed Test This test has a time limit of 1 hour and 30
minutes.You will be notified when time
expires, and you may continue or submit.
Warnings appear when half the time, 5
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Time Expired. the test.

Additional Time Used:
1 hour, 06 minutes, 51 seconds.

Question Completion Status:

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2 2324 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 4
1424344454647484950

QUESTION 1

1. According to the text, older children and adolescents are not able to give informed consent for his or her own treatment without the parent’s consent.

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 2

1. In recent years there has been a large push for

therapists to get a raise

developing empirically supported
treatments

less documenting for therapists

revoking the HIPPA laws

3 points

QUESTION 3

1. Federal and state laws that regulate health and welfare programs require access to client records in order to assure “program integrity.”

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 4

1. Government-sponsored institutions such as state hospitals, public schools, and the military

openly accepts therapists addressing spiritual issues severely limits therapists addressing spiritual issues
created laws forbidding therapists addressing all spiritual issues

none of the above

3 points

QUESTION 5

1. Which of the following has grown out of the Tarasoff decision (Tarasoff v. Board of Regents of the University of California, 1976)?

duty to warn/protect

patient as litigant

duty to report

none of the above

3 points

QUESTION 6

1. Which of the following describes a “legal protection against being forced to break a promise or expectation of confidentiality in legal proceedings?”

privilege

privacy

protection

confidentiality

3 points

QUESTION 7

1. According to the text, in the past, many therapists have lacked sensitivity and respect for clients’ religious beliefs. The author states that a potential reason for this is that psychologists tend to be less religious than the U.S. population.

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 8

1. The author states which of the following is a cultural minority that therapists might be accustomed to thinking about?

secular family

Christian family

divorced family

all of the above

3 points

QUESTION 9

1. Research supports that specific therapy techniques accounts for only ______% of the outcomes in therapy. (pg 102)

5

10

15

25

3 points

QUESTION 10

1. Which of the following is not one of the principles that come into play when one contemplates addressing spiritual issues in therapy addressed in the text?

dependence

fidelity

beneficence

competence

3 points

QUESTION 11

1. Woody (1999) called ______________ “the cornerstone of professionalism.” appearance

confidence

confidentiality

documentation

3 points

QUESTION 12

1. The limits of confidentiality discontinues to apply following the death of a client.

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 13

1. Which of the following is the first step in the ethical decision-making model?

seek to define the problem using codes and principles assess a situation for its ethical dimensions
understand and process your emotional reaction to the problem

consider the options you can take

3 points

QUESTION 14

1. When counseling clients with chronic health conditions, professionals should use similar models as the ones used for patients with simple emotional problems.

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 15

1. Which of the following is not one of the eight components of PFA?

information on coping

safety and comfort

contact and engagement

all of the above

3 points

QUESTION 16

1. When a Christian professional decides to travel to another cultural setting to offer aid and support after a crisis, it is important to remember that first aid

becomes more complicated in international efforts becomes easier in international efforts
remains the same whether working in one’s home country or overseas cannot be applied as effectively overseas

3 points

QUESTION 17

1. Which of the following is the ethical principle that emphasizes the formation of moral character and the relational influence of the professional over and above moral decisions and duties?

consequentialist

deontological

virtue ethics

philosophical

3 points

QUESTION 18

1. According to the author, couples’ therapists should remain neutral and not presuppose that successful therapy should restore a more positive relationship. For example, it would be best for a therapist to say, “Therapy will determine whether you should continue your relationship or if breaking up is more beneficial.”

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 19

1. Which is not an ethical standard for working with clients with chronic health conditions?

integrity

avoiding multiple relationships with clients working within the accepted body of knowledge giving constructive criticism

3 points

QUESTION 20

1. Which of the following best describes Psychological First Aid (PFA)?

lessening the immediate distress of populations affected by disasters or mass violence
bolster individual’s ongoing functioning and effective coping

wait until the immediate crisis is over to administer psychological care both a and b

3 points

QUESTION 21

1. Research indicates that clients perceive therapy as more effective when therapists influence the process by imparting their clinical expertise, however, when clients perceive the therapist’s influence as coercive in nature, they view it as a negative and possibly even harmful way.

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 22

1. Historical Christian tradition has almost unilaterally assumed that men are led by women in the marriage relationship with inherent hierarchy.

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 23

1. According to the text, familiarity with the ethical codes helps, however, they may lack the nuance necessary in very complicated situations.

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 24

1. Which of the following cases would require mandated reporting?

where there is suspected sexual or physical abuse to a child when there is suspected neglect to a child
when there is suspected drug use of a child both a and b

3 points

QUESTION 25

1. Roberts and Dyer (2004) say that it is important to remember than even while parents can have access to their child’s records, there are situations in which the therapist can limit what information is released to the parents.

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 26

1. Which is not a necessary step when counseling clients diagnosed with Alzheimer’s?

Providing the patient with information early in course of the illness
Providing support to family and caregivers

Encouraging caregivers to avoid institutionalization at all costs Ensuring that Alzheimer’s is the proper diagnosis

3 points

QUESTION 27

1. Child abuse reporting is mandatory in all fifty states for those who are in professions that provide direct care and services to the care and treatment of children.

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 28

1. The APA urges therapists to gain competency in understanding and evaluating spiritual issues in therapy. If therapists are unable to do so, which of the following best describes what is expected?

keep counseling the client since they already have a therapeutic relationship
refer the client to another therapist who is competent

learn the clients’ spiritual background and implement it into therapy immediately refer the client to a religious leader

3 points

QUESTION 29

1. If the ethical problem a therapist is dealing with triggers an emotional reaction, it is important for the therapist to

be mindful of the reaction

try to forget the reaction

immediately inform the client

both a and c

3 points

QUESTION 30

1. Minors are usually not afforded full confidentiality, partly because

they do not bear full legal responsibility of themselves

parents have the right to know what their child’s issues in therapy

minors do not have the capacity to understand confidentiality and often break it all of the above

3 points

QUESTION 31

1. Confidentiality may be broken if

the client presents a clear and present danger to self or others
is required by law

if the client waives the right to confidentiality all of the above

3 points

QUESTION 32

1. Regarding divorce and therapy, Christian therapists should

refer clients who want to divorce since divorce is not supported by their Christian faith
show clients in the Bible how divorce is wrong according to Scripture

inform their clients of their theological beliefs on divorce in a spirit of grace and humility
keep their Christian beliefs to themselves but work to keep the marriage together

3 points

QUESTION 33

1. According to the text, a debriefing model includes a single session to

process emotional reactions

normalize the experience

retell the traumatic
experience

all of the above

3 points

QUESTION 34

1. Pargament (2007, 2009) asserts that there is certainly overlap between spiritual matters and mental health matters and that the two are synonymous.

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 35

1. Federal and state laws also speak to the protection of client information. An example of this is when Congress passed the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA).

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 36

1. According to the text, good informed consents provide the client information about

the right to accept or refuse spiritual interventions the nature of the spiritual interventions proposed the potential benefits and risks of spiritual
interventions

all of the above

3 points

QUESTION 37

1. Christian therapists may draw from at least three sources for help in ethical decision making. Which of the following is not one of these sources mentioned in the text?

peers who are strong in their faith

the Bible/Christian community

ethical principles from professional codes

professional Christian organizations

3 points

QUESTION 38

1. Clients can sue therapists for being treated without consent, even if the treatment was competent in all other aspects.

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 39

1. Few ethical constraints within the field of counseling are as universally accepted as confidentiality.

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 40

1. Which of the following is an essential element of a training curriculum regarding spiritual issues in therapy is

self-awareness training

basic techniques of spiritual assessment

training in spiritually related
interventions

all of the above are elements

3 points

QUESTION 41

1. There are three key issues in couples’ therapy that relate to the principle of integrity. Which of the following is not one of these mentioned in the text?

integrity is required for rapport

integrity is required in diagnosis

integrity is required for informed consent

integrity is required for retention in
treatment

3 points

QUESTION 42

1. Consultation may actually be considered at any point in the decision-making process.

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 43

1. With the exception of reporting of child abuse, psychologists do not have an obligation to report to authorities when a client has committed a crime unless the

activity suggests that future criminal behavior is likely to occur and future harm to a third party might be avoided by reporting.

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 44

1. Responding to the statement, “Is PFA therapy or counseling?” professionals would agree most with which of the following?

PFA is intended to be a psychological intervention

PFA is a context to emotionally process traumatic events PFA is a relationship established in the context of crisis all of the above

3 points

QUESTION 45

1. The _____________ approach examines costs and benefits to all parties, and it seeks to render ethical judgements on the basis of a judgement of optimized cost-benefit ratios.

consequentialist

deontological

virtue ethics

philosophical

3 points

QUESTION 46

1. According to the American Psychological Association, over the last several decades child mental health problems have

declined

grown

remained the same

none of the above

3 points

QUESTION 47

1. Therapists who earnestly believe that therapy is either value-free or that they can easily minimize the influence of values in therapy

are implementing best practice with their clients

are largely unaware of the pervasive presence of values in therapeutic milieu
can be at greater risk for imposing their values on their clients both b and c

3 points

QUESTION 48

1. According to twin studies, approximately what percentage of mood disorders (i.e. depression) can be explained by genetics?

90%

50-75%

35%

15-25%

3 points

QUESTION 49

1. The author’s view on self-disclosure is that it is too risky and unethical for therapists, therefore, therapists should never self-disclose under any circumstances.

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 50

1. Tan (1996) speaks of implicit and explicit approaches to intervention. Implicit intervention can be described as the open use of selected spiritual resources in therapy.

True

False

Question 1

0 out of 3 points

According to the text, older children and adolescents are not able to give informed consent for his or her own treatment without the parent’s consent.

Selected Tru

Answer: e

Question 2

3 out of 3 points

In recent years there has been a large push for
Selected developing empirically supported
Answer: treatments

Question 3

3 out of 3 points

Federal and state laws that regulate health and welfare programs require access to client records in order to assure “program integrity.”

Selected Tru

Answer: e

Question 4

3 out of 3 points

Government-sponsored institutions such as state hospitals, public schools, and the military
Selected severely limits therapists addressing spiritual
Answer: issues

Question 5

3 out of 3 points

Which of the following has grown out of the Tarasoff decision (Tarasoff v. Board of Regents of the University of California, 1976)?
Selected duty to warn/protect

Answer:

Question 6

3 out of 3 points

Which of the following describes a “legal protection against being forced to break a promise or expectation of confidentiality in legal proceedings?”
Selected privilege

Answer:

Question 7

3 out of 3 points

According to the text, in the past, many therapists have lacked sensitivity and respect for clients’ religious beliefs. The author states that a potential reason for this is that psychologists tend to be less religious than the U.S. population.

Selected Tru

Answer: e

Question 8

0 out of 3 points

The author states which of the following is a cultural minority that therapists might be accustomed to thinking about?
Selected secular family

Answer:

Question 9

3 out of 3 points

Research supports that specific therapy techniques accounts for only ______% of
the outcomes in therapy. (pg 102)
Selected 15

Answer:

Question 10

3 out of 3 points

Which of the following is not one of the principles that come into play when one contemplates addressing spiritual issues in therapy addressed in the text?
Selected dependence

Answer:

Question 11

3 out of 3 points

Woody (1999) called ______________ “the cornerstone of professionalism.”
Selected confidentiality

Answer:

Question 12

3 out of 3 points

The limits of confidentiality discontinues to apply following the death of a client.

Selected Fals

Answer: e

Question 13

3 out of 3 points

Which of the following is the first step in the ethical decision-making model?
Selected assess a situation for its ethical dimensions

Answer:

Question 14

3 out of 3 points

When counseling clients with chronic health conditions, professionals should use similar models as the ones used for patients with simple emotional problems.

Selected Fals

Answer: e

Question 15

3 out of 3 points

Which of the following is not one of the eight components of PFA?

Selected all of the above

Answer:

Question 16

3 out of 3 points

When a Christian professional decides to travel to another cultural setting to offer aid and support after a crisis, it is important to remember that first aid
Selected becomes more complicated in international efforts

Answer:

Question 17

0 out of 3 points

Which of the following is the ethical principle that emphasizes the formation of moral character and the relational influence of the professional over and above moral decisions and duties?
Selected deontological

Answer:

Question 18

3 out of 3 points

According to the author, couples’ therapists should remain neutral and not presuppose that successful therapy should restore a more positive relationship. For example, it would be best for a therapist to say, “Therapy will determine whether you should continue your relationship or if breaking up is more beneficial.”

Selected Fals

Answer: e

Question 19

0 out of 3 points

Which is not an ethical standard for working with clients with chronic health conditions?
Selected working within the accepted body of knowledge

Answer:

Question 20

0 out of 3 points

Which of the following best describes Psychological First Aid (PFA)?
Selected wait until the immediate crisis is over to administer psychological
Answer: care

Question 21

3 out of 3 points

Research indicates that clients perceive therapy as more effective when therapists influence the process by imparting their clinical expertise, however, when clients perceive the therapist’s influence as coercive in nature, they view it as a negative and possibly even harmful way.

Selected Tru

Answer: e

Question 22

0 out of 3 points

Historical Christian tradition has almost unilaterally assumed that men are led by women in the marriage relationship with inherent hierarchy.

Selected Tru

Answer: e

Question 23

3 out of 3 points

According to the text, familiarity with the ethical codes helps, however, they may lack the nuance necessary in very complicated situations.

Selected Tru

Answer: e

Question 24

3 out of 3 points

Which of the following cases would require mandated reporting?
Selected both a and b

Answer:

Question 25

3 out of 3 points

Roberts and Dyer (2004) say that it is important to remember than even while parents can have access to their child’s records, there are situations in which the therapist can limit what information is released to the parents.

Selected Tru

Answer: e

Question 26

3 out of 3 points

Which is not a necessary step when counseling clients diagnosed with Alzheimer’s?
Selected Encouraging caregivers to avoid institutionalization at all costs

Answer:

Question 27

3 out of 3 points

Child abuse reporting is mandatory in all fifty states for those who are in professions that provide direct care and services to the care and treatment of children.

Selected Tru

Answer: e

Question 28

3 out of 3 points

The APA urges therapists to gain competency in understanding and evaluating spiritual issues in therapy. If therapists are unable to do so, which of the following best describes what is expected?
Selected refer the client to another therapist who is
Answer: competent

Question 29

3 out of 3 points

If the ethical problem a therapist is dealing with triggers an emotional reaction, it is important for the therapist to
Selected be mindful of the
Answer: reaction

Question 30

3 out of 3 points

Minors are usually not afforded full confidentiality, partly because
Selected they do not bear full legal responsibility of themselves

Answer:

Question 31

3 out of 3 points

Confidentiality may be broken if
Selected all of the above

Answer:

Question 32

3 out of 3 points

Regarding divorce and therapy, Christian therapists should
Selected inform their clients of their theological beliefs on divorce in a spirit of
Answer: grace and humility

Question 33

3 out of 3 points

According to the text, a debriefing model includes a single session to
Selected all of the above

Answer:

Question 34

3 out of 3 points

Pargament (2007, 2009) asserts that there is certainly overlap between spiritual matters and mental health matters and that the two are synonymous.

Selected Fals

Answer: e

Question 35

3 out of 3 points

Federal and state laws also speak to the protection of client information. An example of this is when Congress passed the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA).

Selected Tru

Answer: e

Question 36

0 out of 3 points

According to the text, good informed consents provide the client information about

Selected the right to accept or refuse spiritual interventions

Answer:

Question 37

3 out of 3 points

Christian therapists may draw from at least three sources for help in ethical decision making. Which of the following is not one of these sources mentioned in the text?
Selected peers who are strong in their
Answer: faith

Question 38

3 out of 3 points

Clients can sue therapists for being treated without consent, even if the treatment was competent in all other aspects.

Selected Tru

Answer: e

Question 39

3 out of 3 points

Few ethical constraints within the field of counseling are as universally accepted as confidentiality.

Selected Tru

Answer: e

Question 40

3 out of 3 points

Which of the following is an essential element of a training curriculum regarding spiritual issues in therapy is
Selected all of the above are
Answer: elements

Question 41

3 out of 3 points

There are three key issues in couples’ therapy that relate to the principle of integrity. Which of the following is not one of these mentioned in the text?
Selected integrity is required for rapport

Answer:

Question 42

3 out of 3 points

Consultation may actually be considered at any point in the decision-making process.

Selected Tru

Answer: e

Question 43

0 out of 3 points

With the exception of reporting of child abuse, psychologists do not have an obligation to report to authorities when a client has committed a crime unless the

activity suggests that future criminal behavior is likely to occur and future harm to a third party might be avoided by reporting.

Selected Fals

Answer: e

Question 44

3 out of 3 points

Responding to the statement, “Is PFA therapy or counseling?” professionals would agree most with which of the following?
Selected PFA is a relationship established in the context of crisis

Answer:

Question 45

3 out of 3 points

The _____________ approach examines costs and benefits to all parties, and it
seeks to render ethical judgements on the basis of a judgement of optimized cost-benefit ratios.
Selected consequentialist

Answer:

Question 46

3 out of 3 points

According to the American Psychological Association, over the last several decades child mental health problems have
Selected grown

Answer:

Question 47

3 out of 3 points

Therapists who earnestly believe that therapy is either value-free or that they can easily minimize the influence of values in therapy
Selected both b and c

Answer:

Question 48

3 out of 3 points

According to twin studies, approximately what percentage of mood disorders (i.e. depression) can be explained by genetics?
Selected 50-75%

Answer:

Question 49

0 out of 3 points

The author’s view on self-disclosure is that it is too risky and unethical for therapists, therefore, therapists should never self-disclose under any circumstances.

Selected Tru

Answer: e

Question 50

3 out of 3 points

Tan (1996) speaks of implicit and explicit approaches to intervention. Implicit intervention can be described as the open use of selected spiritual resources in therapy.

Selected Fals

Answer: e

Friday, August 14, 2020 11:20:26 PM EDT

QUESTION 1

1. According to the text, older children and adolescents are not able to give informed consent for his or her own treatment without the parent’s consent.

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 2

1. In recent years there has been a large push for

therapists to get a raise

developing empirically supported
treatments

less documenting for therapists

revoking the HIPPA laws

3 points

QUESTION 3

1. Federal and state laws that regulate health and welfare programs require access to client records in order to assure “program integrity.”

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 4

1. Government-sponsored institutions such as state hospitals, public schools, and the military

openly accepts therapists addressing spiritual issues severely limits therapists addressing spiritual issues
created laws forbidding therapists addressing all spiritual issues
none of the above

3 points

QUESTION 5

1. Which of the following has grown out of the Tarasoff decision (Tarasoff v. Board of Regents of the University of California, 1976)?

duty to warn/protect

patient as litigant

duty to report

none of the above

3 points

QUESTION 6

1. Which of the following describes a “legal protection against being forced to break a promise or expectation of confidentiality in legal proceedings?”

privilege

privacy

protection

confidentiality

3 points

QUESTION 7

1. According to the text, in the past, many therapists have lacked sensitivity and respect for clients’ religious beliefs. The author states that a potential reason for this is that psychologists tend to be less religious than the U.S. population.

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 8

1. The author states which of the following is a cultural minority that therapists might be accustomed to thinking about?

secular family

Christian family

divorced family

all of the above

3 points

QUESTION 9

1. Research supports that specific therapy techniques accounts for only ______% of the outcomes in therapy. (pg 102)

5

10

15

25

3 points

QUESTION 10

1. Which of the following is not one of the principles that come into play when one contemplates addressing spiritual issues in therapy addressed in the text?

dependence

fidelity

beneficence

competence

3 points

QUESTION 11

1. Woody (1999) called ______________ “the cornerstone of professionalism.” appearance

confidence

confidentiality

documentation

3 points

QUESTION 12

1. The limits of confidentiality discontinues to apply following the death of a client.

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 13

1. Which of the following is the first step in the ethical decision-making model?

seek to define the problem using codes and principles assess a situation for its ethical dimensions
understand and process your emotional reaction to the problem
consider the options you can take

3 points

QUESTION 14

1. When counseling clients with chronic health conditions, professionals should use similar models as the ones used for patients with simple emotional problems.

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 15

1. Which of the following is not one of the eight components of PFA?

information on coping

safety and comfort

contact and engagement

all of the above

3 points

QUESTION 16

1. When a Christian professional decides to travel to another cultural setting to offer aid and support after a crisis, it is important to remember that first aid

becomes more complicated in international efforts becomes easier in international efforts
remains the same whether working in one’s home country or overseas cannot be applied as effectively overseas

3 points

QUESTION 17

1. Which of the following is the ethical principle that emphasizes the formation of moral character and the relational influence of the professional over and above moral decisions and duties?

consequentialist

deontological

virtue ethics

philosophical

3 points

QUESTION 18

1. According to the author, couples’ therapists should remain neutral and not presuppose that successful therapy should restore a more positive relationship. For example, it would be best for a therapist to say, “Therapy will determine whether you should continue your relationship or if breaking up is more beneficial.”

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 19

1. Which is not an ethical standard for working with clients with chronic health conditions?

integrity

avoiding multiple relationships with clients working within the accepted body of knowledge giving constructive criticism

3 points

QUESTION 20

1. Which of the following best describes Psychological First Aid (PFA)?

lessening the immediate distress of populations affected by disasters or mass violence
bolster individual’s ongoing functioning and effective coping

wait until the immediate crisis is over to administer psychological care both a and b

3 points

QUESTION 21

1. Research indicates that clients perceive therapy as more effective when therapists influence the process by imparting their clinical expertise, however, when

clients perceive the therapist’s influence as coercive in nature, they view it as a negative and possibly even harmful way.

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 22

1. Historical Christian tradition has almost unilaterally assumed that men are led by women in the marriage relationship with inherent hierarchy.

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 23

1. According to the text, familiarity with the ethical codes helps, however, they may lack the nuance necessary in very complicated situations.

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 24

1. Which of the following cases would require mandated reporting?

where there is suspected sexual or physical abuse to a child when there is suspected neglect to a child
when there is suspected drug use of a child both a and b

3 points

QUESTION 25

1. Roberts and Dyer (2004) say that it is important to remember than even while parents can have access to their child’s records, there are situations in which the therapist can limit what information is released to the parents.

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 26

1. Which is not a necessary step when counseling clients diagnosed with Alzheimer’s?

Providing the patient with information early in course of the illness
Providing support to family and caregivers

Encouraging caregivers to avoid institutionalization at all costs Ensuring that Alzheimer’s is the proper diagnosis

3 points

QUESTION 27

1. Child abuse reporting is mandatory in all fifty states for those who are in professions that provide direct care and services to the care and treatment of children.

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 28

1. The APA urges therapists to gain competency in understanding and evaluating spiritual issues in therapy. If therapists are unable to do so, which of the following best describes what is expected?

keep counseling the client since they already have a therapeutic relationship
refer the client to another therapist who is competent

learn the clients’ spiritual background and implement it into therapy immediately refer the client to a religious leader

3 points

QUESTION 29

1. If the ethical problem a therapist is dealing with triggers an emotional reaction, it is important for the therapist to

be mindful of the reaction

try to forget the reaction

immediately inform the client

both a and c

3 points

QUESTION 30

1. Minors are usually not afforded full confidentiality, partly because

they do not bear full legal responsibility of themselves

parents have the right to know what their child’s issues in therapy

minors do not have the capacity to understand confidentiality and often break it all of the above

3 points

QUESTION 31

1. Confidentiality may be broken if

the client presents a clear and present danger to self or others
is required by law

if the client waives the right to confidentiality all of the above

3 points

QUESTION 32

1. Regarding divorce and therapy, Christian therapists should

refer clients who want to divorce since divorce is not supported by their Christian faith
show clients in the Bible how divorce is wrong according to Scripture

inform their clients of their theological beliefs on divorce in a spirit of grace and humility
keep their Christian beliefs to themselves but work to keep the marriage together

3 points

QUESTION 33

1. According to the text, a debriefing model includes a single session to

process emotional reactions

normalize the experience

retell the traumatic
experience

all of the above

3 points

QUESTION 34

1. Pargament (2007, 2009) asserts that there is certainly overlap between spiritual matters and mental health matters and that the two are synonymous.

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 35

1. Federal and state laws also speak to the protection of client information. An example of this is when Congress passed the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA).

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 36

1. According to the text, good informed consents provide the client information about

the right to accept or refuse spiritual interventions the nature of the spiritual interventions proposed the potential benefits and risks of spiritual
interventions

all of the above

3 points

QUESTION 37

1. Christian therapists may draw from at least three sources for help in ethical decision making. Which of the following is not one of these sources mentioned in the text?

peers who are strong in their faith

the Bible/Christian community

ethical principles from professional codes

professional Christian organizations

3 points

QUESTION 38

1. Clients can sue therapists for being treated without consent, even if the treatment was competent in all other aspects.

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 39

1. Few ethical constraints within the field of counseling are as universally accepted as confidentiality.

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 40

1. Which of the following is an essential element of a training curriculum regarding spiritual issues in therapy is

self-awareness training

basic techniques of spiritual assessment

training in spiritually related
interventions

all of the above are elements

3 points

QUESTION 41

1. There are three key issues in couples’ therapy that relate to the principle of integrity. Which of the following is not one of these mentioned in the text?

integrity is required for rapport

integrity is required in diagnosis

integrity is required for informed consent

integrity is required for retention in
treatment

3 points

QUESTION 42

1. Consultation may actually be considered at any point in the decision-making process.

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 43

1. With the exception of reporting of child abuse, psychologists do not have an obligation to report to authorities when a client has committed a crime unless the activity suggests that future criminal behavior is likely to occur and future harm to a third party might be avoided by reporting.

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 44

1. Responding to the statement, “Is PFA therapy or counseling?” professionals would agree most with which of the following?

PFA is intended to be a psychological intervention

PFA is a context to emotionally process traumatic events PFA is a relationship established in the context of crisis all of the above

3 points

QUESTION 45

1. The _____________ approach examines costs and benefits to all parties, and it seeks to render ethical judgements on the basis of a judgement of optimized cost-benefit ratios.

consequentialist

deontological

virtue ethics

philosophical

3 points

QUESTION 46

1. According to the American Psychological Association, over the last several decades child mental health problems have

declined

grown

remained the same

none of the above

3 points

QUESTION 47

1. Therapists who earnestly believe that therapy is either value-free or that they can easily minimize the influence of values in therapy

are implementing best practice with their clients

are largely unaware of the pervasive presence of values in therapeutic milieu
can be at greater risk for imposing their values on their clients both b and c

3 points

QUESTION 48

1. According to twin studies, approximately what percentage of mood disorders (i.e. depression) can be explained by genetics?

90%

50-75%

35%

15-25%

3 points

QUESTION 49

1. The author’s view on self-disclosure is that it is too risky and unethical for therapists, therefore, therapists should never self-disclose under any circumstances.

True

False

3 points

QUESTION 50

1. Tan (1996) speaks of implicit and explicit approaches to intervention. Implicit intervention can be described as the open use of selected spiritual resources i
2. n therapy.

True

False




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