MN551 Unit 10 Final Exam Answers
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MN551 Unit 10 Final Exam Answers
MN551 Unit 10 Final Exam Answers
During an examination, the nurse observes a female patient’s vestibule and expects to see the:
A )urethral meatus and vaginal orifice.
- B) vaginal orifice and vestibular (Bartholin) glands.
- C) urethral meatus and paraurethral (Skene) glands.
- D) paraurethral (Skene) and vestibular (Bartholin) glands.
The labial structures encircle a boat-shaped space, or cleft, termed the vestibule. Within it are numerous openings. The urethral meatus and vaginal orifice are visible. The ducts of the paraurethral (Skene) glands and the vestibular (Bartholin) glands are present but not visible.
During a speculum inspection of the vagina, the nurse would expect to see what at the end of the vaginal canal?
- A) Cervix
- B) Uterus
- C) Ovaries
- D) Fallopian tubes
The uterus is usually positioned tilting forward and superior to the bladder. This position is known as:
- A) anteverted and anteflexed.
- B) retroverted and anteflexed.
C retroverted and retroflexed.
D)superiorverted and anteflexed.
An 11-year-old girl is in the clinic for a sports physical. The nurse notices that she has begun to develop breasts, and during the conversation the girl reveals that she is worried about her development. The nurse should use which of these techniques to best assist the young girl in understanding the expected sequence for development? The nurse should:
A)use the Tanner’s table on the five stages of sexual development.
describe her development and compare it with that of other girls her age.
use Jacobsen’s table on expected development on the basis of height and weight data.
A woman who is 8 weeks pregnant is in the clinic for a checkup. The nurse reads on her chart that her cervix is softened and looks cyanotic. The nurse knows that the woman is exhibiting _____ sign and _____ sign.
- A) Tanner’s; Hegar’s
A woman who is 22 weeks pregnant has a vaginal infection. She tells the nurse that she is afraid that this infection will hurt the fetus. The nurse knows that which of these statements is true?
A)If intercourse is avoided, then the risk for infection is minimal.
B)A thick mucus plug forms that protects the fetus from infection.
C)The acidic pH of vaginal secretions promotes the growth of pathogenic bacteria.
D)The mucus plug that forms in the cervical canal is a good medium for bacterial growth.
The changes normally associated with menopause occur generally because the cells in the reproductive tract are:
D)able to respond to estrogen.
The nurse is reviewing the changes that occur with menopause. Which of these are changes associated with menopause?
A)Uterine and ovarian atrophy along with thinning vaginal epithelium
B)Ovarian atrophy, increased vaginal secretions, and increasing clitoral size
Cervical hypertrophy, ovarian atrophy, and increased acidity of vaginal secretions
Vaginal mucosa fragility, increased acidity of vaginal secretions, and uterine hypertrophy
A 54-year-old woman who has just completed menopause is in the clinic today for a yearly physical examination. Which of these statements should the nurse include in patient education? “A postmenopausal woman:
- A) is not at any greater risk for heart disease than a younger woman is.”
- B) should be aware that she is at increased risk for dyspareunia because of decreased vaginal secretions.”
has only stopped menstruating; there really are no other significant changes with which she should be concerned.”
is likely to have difficulty with sexual pleasure as a result of drastic changes in the female sexual response cycle.”
A woman is in the clinic for an annual gynecologic examination. The nurse should plan to begin the interview with the:
- A) menstrual history because it is generally nonthreatening.
- B) obstetric history because it is the most important information.
- C) urinary system history because there may be problems in this area as well.
- D) sexual history because it will build rapport to discuss this first.
A patient has had three pregnancies and two live births. The nurse would record this information as gravida _____, para _____, AB _____.
- A) 2; 2; 1
- B) 3; 2; 0
- C) 3; 2; 1
- D) 3; 3; 1
During the interview with a female patient, the nurse gathers data that indicate that the patient is perimenopausal. Which of these statements made by this patient leads to this conclusion?
A)”I have noticed that my muscles ache at night when I go to bed.”
B)”I will be very happy when I can stop worrying about having a period.”
- C) “I have been noticing that I sweat a lot more than I used to, especially at night.”
“I have only been pregnant twice, but both times I had breast tenderness as my first symptom.”
A 50-year-old woman calls the clinic because she has noticed some changes in her body and breasts and wonders if they could be due to the hormone replacement therapy (HRT) she started 3 months ago. The nurse should tell her:
- A) “Hormone replacement therapy is at such a low dose that side effects are very unusual.”
- B) “Hormone replacement therapy has several side effects, including fluid retention, breast tenderness, and vaginal bleeding.”
“It would be very unusual to have vaginal bleeding with hormone replacement therapy, and I suggest you come in to the clinic immediately to have this evaluated.”
“It sounds as if your dose of estrogen is too high; I think you may need to decrease the amount you are taking and then call back in a week.”
A 52-year-old patient states that when she sneezes or coughs she “wets herself a little.” She is very concerned that something may be wrong with her. The nurse suspects that the problem is:
- B) stress incontinence.
- D) urge incontinence.
During the interview a patient reveals that she has some vaginal discharge. She is worried that it may be a sexually transmitted infection. The nurse’s most appropriate response to this would be:
“Oh, don’t worry. Some cyclic vaginal discharge is normal.”
“Have you been engaging in unprotected sexual intercourse?”
- C) “I’d like some information about the discharge. What color is it?”
“Have you had any urinary incontinence associated with the discharge?”
A woman states that 2 weeks ago she had a urinary tract infection that was treated with an antibiotic. As a part of the interview, the nurse should ask, “Have you noticed:
a change in your urination patterns?”
any excessive vaginal bleeding?”
- C) any unusual vaginal discharge or itching?”
any changes in your desire for intercourse?”
Which statement would be most appropriate when the nurse is introducing the topic of sexual relationships during an interview?
A)”Now it is time to talk about your sexual history. When did you first have intercourse?”
- B) “Women often feel dissatisfied with their sexual relationships. Would it be okay to discuss this now?”
C)”Often women have questions about their sexual relationship and how it affects their health. Do you have any questions?”
D)”Most women your age have had more than one sexual partner. How many would you say you have had?”
A 22-year-old woman has been considering using oral contraceptives. As a part of her history, the nurse should ask:
“Do you have a history of heart murmurs?”
“Will you be in a monogamous relationship?”
“Have you thought this choice through carefully?”
- D) “If you smoke, how many cigarettes do you smoke per day?”
A married couple has come to the clinic seeking advice on pregnancy. They have been trying to conceive for 4 months and have not been successful. What should the nurse do first?
Ascertain whether either of them has been using broad-spectrum antibiotics.
B)Explain that couples are considered infertile after 1 year of unprotected intercourse.
- C) Immediately refer the woman to an expert in pelvic inflammatory disease—the most common cause of infertility.
- D) Explain that couples are considered infertile after 3 months of engaging in unprotected intercourse and that they will need a referral to a fertility expert.
A nurse is assessing a patient’s risk of contracting a sexually transmitted infection (STI). An appropriate question to ask would be:
“You know that it’s important to use condoms for protection, right?”
- B) “Do you use a condom with each episode of sexual intercourse?”
“Do you have a sexually transmitted infection?”
“You are aware of the dangers of unprotected sex, aren’t you?”
When the nurse is interviewing a preadolescent girl, which opening statement would be least threatening?
“Do you have any questions about growing up?”
“What has your mother told you about growing up?”
- C) “When did you notice that your body was changing?”
“I remember being very scared when I got my period. How do you think you’ll feel?”
When the nurse is discussing sexuality and sexual issues with adolescents, a permission statement helps to convey that it is normal to think or feel a certain way. Which of these is the best example of a permission statement?
“It is okay that you have become sexually active.”
- B) “Often girls your age have questions about sexual activity. Have you any questions?”
- C) “If it is okay with you, I’d like to ask you some questions about your sexual history.”
- D) “Often girls your age engage in sexual activity. It is okay to tell me if you have had intercourse.”
The nurse is preparing to interview a postmenopausal woman. Which of these statements is true with regard to the history of a postmenopausal woman?
- A) The nurse should ask a postmenopausal woman if she ever has vaginal bleeding.
- B) Once a woman reaches menopause, the nurse does not need to ask any further history questions.
- C) The nurse should screen for monthly breast tenderness.
D)Postmenopausal women are not at risk for contracting sexually transmitted infections and thus these questions can be omitted.
During the examination portion of a patient’s visit, she will be in lithotomy position. Which statement below reflects some things that the nurse can do to make this more comfortable for her?
Ask her to place her hands and arms behind her head.
- B) Elevate her head and shoulders to maintain eye contact.
- C) Allow her to choose to have her feet in the stirrups or have them resting side by side on the edge of the table.
- D) Allow her to keep her buttocks about 6 inches from the edge of the table to prevent her from feeling as if she will fall off.
An 18-year-old patient is having her first pelvic examination. Which action by the nurse is appropriate?
- A) Invite her mother to be present during the examination.
- B) Avoid the lithotomy position this first time because it can be uncomfortable and embarrassing.
- C) Raise the head of the examination table and give her a mirror so that she can view the exam.
- D) Drape her fully, leaving the drape between her legs elevated to avoid embarrassing her with eye contact.
The nurse has just completed an inspection of a nulliparous woman’s external genitalia. Which of these would be a description of a finding within normal limits?
- A) Redness of the labia majora
- B) Multiple nontender sebaceous cysts
- C) Discharge that is sticky and yellow-green
- D) Gaping and slightly shriveled labia majora
The nurse is preparing for an internal genitalia examination of a woman. Which order of the examination is correct?
Bimanual, speculum, rectovaginal
Speculum, rectovaginal, bimanual
- C) Speculum, bimanual, rectovaginal
- D) Rectovaginal, bimanual, speculum
During an internal examination of a woman’s genitalia, the nurse will use which technique for proper insertion of the speculum?
- A) Instruct the woman to bear down, open the speculum blades, and apply in a swift, upward movement.
- B) Insert the blades of the speculum on a horizontal plane, turning them to a 30-degree angle while continuing to insert them. Ask the woman to bear down after the speculum is inserted.
- C) Instruct the woman to bear down, turn the width of the blades horizontally, and insert the speculum at a 45-degree angle downward toward the small of the woman’s back.
- D) Lock the blades open by turning the thumbscrew. Once the blades are open, apply pressure to the introitus and insert the blades at a 45-degree angle downward to bring the cervix into view.
The nurse is examining a 35-year-old female patient. During the history, the nurse notices that she has had two term pregnancies, and both babies were delivered vaginally. During the internal examination the nurse observes that the cervical os is a horizontal slit with some healed lacerations and that the cervix has some nabothian cysts that are small, smooth, and yellow. In addition, the nurse notices that the cervical surface is granular and red, especially around the os. Finally, the nurse notices the presence of stringy, opaque, odorless secretions.Which of these findings are abnormal?
- A) Nabothian cysts are present.
- B) The cervical os is a horizontal slit.
- C) The cervical surface is granular and red.
- D) Stringy and opaque secretions are present.
A patient calls the clinic for instructions before having a Papanicolaou (Pap) smear. The most appropriate instructions from the nurse are:
- A) “If you are menstruating, please use pads to avoid placing anything into the vagina.”
- B) “Avoid intercourse, inserting anything into the vagina, or douching within 24 hours of your appointment.”
- C) “If you suspect that you have a vaginal infection, please gather a sample of the discharge to bring with you.”
- D) “We would like you to use a mild saline douche before your examination. You may pick this up in our office.”
During an examination, which tests will the nurse collect to screen for cervical cancer?
- A) Endocervical specimen, cervical scrape, and vaginal pool
Endocervical specimen, vaginal pool, and acetic acid wash
Endocervical specimen, KOH preparation, and acetic acid wash
Cervical scrape, acetic acid wash, saline mount (“wet prep”)
When performing the bimanual examination, the nurse notices that the cervix feels smooth and firm, is round, and is fixed in place (does not move). When cervical palpation is performed, the patient complains of some pain. The nurse’s interpretation of these results should be which of these?
- A) These findings are all within normal limits.
- B) The cervical consistency should be soft and velvety—not firm.
C)The cervix should move when palpated; an immobile cervix may indicate malignancy.
D)Pain may occur during palpation of the cervix.
The nurse is palpating a female patient’s adnexa. The findings include a firm, smooth uterine wall; the ovaries are palpable and feel smooth and firm. The fallopian tube is firm and pulsating. The nurse’s most appropriate course of action would be to:
- A) tell the patient that her examination was normal.
- B) give her an immediate referral to a gynecologist.
- C) suggest that she return in a month for a recheck to verify the findings.
- D) tell the patient that she may have an ovarian cyst that should be evaluated further.
A 65-year-old woman is in the office for routine gynecologic care. She had a complete hysterectomy 3 months ago after cervical cancer was detected. The nurse knows that which of these statements is true with regard to this visit?
- A) Her cervical mucosa will be red and dry looking.
- B) She will not need to have a Pap smear done.
- C) The nurse can expect to find that her uterus will be somewhat enlarged and her ovaries small and hard.
- D) The nurse should plan to lubricate the instruments and the examining hand well to avoid a painful examination.
The nurse is preparing to examine the external genitalia of a school-age girl. Which of these positions would be most appropriate in this situation?
- A) In the parent’s lap
- B) In a frog-leg position on the examining table
- C) In the lithotomy position with the feet in stirrups
- D) Lying flat on the examining table with legs extended
When assessing a newborn infant’s genitalia, the nurse notices that the genitalia are somewhat engorged. The labia majora are swollen, the clitoris looks large, and the hymen is thick. The vaginal opening is difficult to visualize. The infant’s mother states that she is worried about the labia being swollen. The nurse should reply:
- A) “This is a normal finding in newborns and should resolve within a few weeks.”
B “This could indicate an abnormality and may need to be evaluated by a physician.”
- C) “We will need to have estrogen levels evaluated to make sure that they are within normal limits.”
- D) “We will need to keep close watch over the next few days to see if the genitalia decrease in size.”
During a vaginal examination of a 38-year-old woman, the nurse notices that the vulva and vagina are erythematous and edematous with thick, white, curdlike discharge adhering to the vaginal walls. The woman reports intense pruritus and thick white discharge from her vagina. The nurse knows that these history and physical examination findings are most consistent with which of these conditions?
- A) Candidiasis
- B) Trichomoniasis
- C) Atrophic vaginitis
- D) Bacterial vaginosis
A 22-year-old woman is being seen at the clinic for problems with vulvar pain, dysuria, and fever. On physical examination, the nurse notices clusters of small, shallow vesicles with surrounding erythema on the labia. There is also inguinal lymphadenopathy present. The most likely cause of these lesions is:
- A) pediculosis pubis.
- B) contact dermatitis.
- C) human papillomavirus.
- D) herpes simplex virus type 2.
When performing an external genitalia examination of a 10-year-old girl, the nurse notices that there is no pubic hair, and the mons and the labia are covered with fine vellus hair. These findings are consistent with stage _____ of sexual maturity, according to the Sexual Maturity Rating scale.
- A) 1
- B) 2
- C) 3
- D) 4
A 46-year-old woman is in the clinic for her annual gynecologic examination. She voices a concern about ovarian cancer because her mother and sister died of it. The nurse knows that which of these statements is correct regarding ovarian cancer?
- A) Ovarian cancer rarely has any symptoms.
- B) The Pap smear detects the presence of ovarian cancer.
- C) Women at high risk for ovarian cancer should have annual transvaginal ultrasonography for screening.
- D) Women over age 40 years should have a thorough pelvic examination every 3 years.
During a bimanual examination, the nurse detects a solid tumor on the ovary that is heavy and fixed, with a poorly defined mass. This finding is suggestive of:
- A) an ovarian cyst.
- C) ovarian cancer.
- D) an ectopic pregnancy.
A 25-year-old woman comes to the emergency department with a suddenfever of 101° F and abdominal pain. Upon examination, the nurse notices that she has rigid, boardlike lower abdominal musculature. When the nurse tries to perform a vaginal examination, the patient has severe pain when the uterus and cervix are moved. The nurse knows that these signs and symptoms are suggestive of:
- B) uterine fibroids.
- C) ectopic pregnancy.
- D) pelvic inflammatory disease.
During an external genitalia examination of a woman, the nurse notices several lesions around the vulva. The lesions are pink, moist, soft, and pointed papules. The patient states that she is not aware of any problems in that area. The nurse recognizes that these lesions may be:
- A) syphilitic chancre.
- B) herpes simplex virus type 2 (herpes genitalis).
- C) human papillomavirus (HPV), or genital warts.
- D) pediculosis pubis (crab lice).
During an examination, the nurse would expect the cervical os of a woman who has never had children to appear:
- B) small and round.
- C) as a horizontal irregular slit.
A woman has just been diagnosed with HPV, or genital warts. The nurse should counsel her to receive regular examinations because this virus makes her at a higher risk for _____ cancer.
- A) uterine
- B) cervical
- C) ovarian
- D) endometrial
During an internal examination, the nurse notices that the cervix bulges outside the introituswhen the patient is asked to strain. The nurse will document this as:
uterine prolapse, graded first degree.
uterine prolapse, graded second degree.
uterine prolapse, graded third degree.
a normal finding.
A 35-year-old woman is at the clinic for a gynecologic examination. During the examination, she asks the nurse, “How often do I need to have this Pap test done?” Which reply by the nurse is correct?
A)”It depends. Do you smoke?”
B)”This will need to be done annually until you are 65.”
C)”If you have 2 consecutive normal Pap tests, then you can wait 5 years between tests.”
D)”After age 30, if you have 3 consecutive normal Pap tests, then you may be screened every 2 to 3 years.”
The nurse is palpating an ovarian mass during an internal examination of a 63-year-old woman. Which findings of the mass’s characteristics would suggest the presence of an ovarian cyst? Select all that apply.
- A) Heavy and solid
- B) Mobile and fluctuant
C)Mobile and solid
- D) Fixed
E)Smooth and round
- F) Poorly defined